There are three main types of resumes: Experiential, Skills, and a combination of the two. What format to use is up to you. Each type emphasizes a different component of the resume. Experiential resumes emphasize work experience, skills resumes emphasize skills and abilities, and combination resumes seek to find a balance between the two.
When deciding what type of resumes to create, choose one that is common to your industry. Every industry uses different types of resumes according to what the industry standard is.
Experiential resumes list information in reverse chronological order. RESUMES are organized under headings such as “Education,” “Work Experience,” and “Activities.” Most college students will choose to list education first because students have limited work experience. The most recent degrees are listed first followed by previous degrees. The same format is followed under each heading.
Skills gained from each job are listed under each job title, along with accomplishments and responsibilities. Experiential resumes are useful for establishing a work history and for showcasing accomplishments made at each career position. Experiential resumes are the most common type of resume and are a simple way to detail responsibilities held at different jobs.
SKILLS (FUNCTIONAL) RESUMES
A skills (or functional) resume organizes information around types of skills and abilities. Headings may include “Computer Skills,” “Foreign Languages,” and “Leadership Experience.” A skills resume will list the skill and then explain when and how that particular skill was used. The functional resume still includes an “Employment Experience” section, but it is streamlined to include only the basic information about each position held. Skills resumes are useful for several reasons.
- Avoids repeating the same information under each job title
- Emphasizes skills and abilities (a college graduate’s work history may be from only part-time work, and a skills resume will merely mention these positions)
- Hides gaps in an applicant’s work history Anytime attention should be focused away from work experience – due to a gap in experience, etc. – a skills resume is recommended.
COMBINATION (HYBRID) RESUMES
A combination resume lists skills and abilities first but also lists accomplishments and responsibilities under specific job titles and experiences. A combination resume allows an applicant to highlight specific skills that may be desired by the employer while also emphasizing job experience.
Combination resumes are useful for applicants with an extensive job history in a highly specialized field. For example, applicants in computer programming may want to highlight their computer language skills before detailing their computer programming experience.